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Poorly Diagnostic Findings

Respiratory Syncytial Virus: Sensitivity and Specificity

Introduction: RSV causes bronchiolitis in small children and can also pose a significant threat to immunocompromised and elderly adults.

In children, RSV is the most common etiology of bronchiolitis. In one study, testing of 277 samples revealed 176 (64%) positive for RSV, 44 (16%) for rhinovirus, 26 (9%) for hMPV, 17 (6%) for Flu A, and none for Flu B. [PMID 18275439].

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Tags: Infection Pulmonary Tag this Diagnosis.

Prevalence

Population / CalculatorPrevalence Comments / Study / Link
Bronchiolitis in children 64% Acad Emerg Med. 2008 Feb;15(2):111-8. PMID: 18275439
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The sensitivity and specificity of findings for Respiratory Syncytial Virus are listed below. See the left navigation bar to change the display.

Sensitive and Specific Findings

Finding SensitivitySpecificity Comments, Study
Swab RT-PCR Edit 100%100%

"nearly 100%" sensitivity and specificity

Study: Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2007 Nov;26(11 Suppl):S36-40. PMID: 18090198

Swab OIA Edit 88%97%

Study: Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2007 Nov;26(11 Suppl):S36-40. PMID: 18090198

DFA Swab Edit 93%92%

Study: Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2007 Nov;26(11 Suppl):S36-40. PMID: 18090198

Swab DIA Edit 93%91%

Study: Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2007 Nov;26(11 Suppl):S36-40. PMID: 18090198

Poorly Diagnostic Findings

Finding SensitivitySpecificity Comments, Study
Swab EIA Edit 59%75%

Study: Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2007 Nov;26(11 Suppl):S36-40. PMID: 18090198