Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis: Sensitivity and Specificity
Introduction: This diagnosis carries a high mortality rate, around 30%. Diagnostic paracentesis is critical in the diagnosis (and may be therapeutic in non-infective ascites).
|Population / Calculator||Prevalence||Comments / Study / Link|
|Cirrhosis patients admitted to the hospital||27%||JAMA. 2008;299(10):1166-1178. http://jama.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/full/299/10/1166|
|Cirrhosis patients with prior SBP||0%||Much higher prevalence - these patients are placed on prophylactic antibiotics.|
|Cirrhosis patients with low ascitic protein||0%||Much higher. These patients get prophylactic antibiotics.|