Prerenal Kidney Failure: Sensitivity and Specificity
Introduction: Acute kidney failure is generally divided into 3 categories: renal, pre-renal, and post-renal causes. Pre-renal causes are those that result from hypoperfusion of the kidneys, principally hypovolemia and cardiogenic shock.
The most common causes of ARF are prerenal failure and ATN.
Another reference study is Ann Intern Med. 1978 Jul;89(1):47-50 PMID: 666184.