Pyelonephritis: Sensitivity and Specificity
Introduction: Acute Pyelonephritis is usually defined as a UTI plus fever. However, according to the one study that everyone cites (see below), this is simply untrue.
Other diagnostic findings are leukocytosis, CVAT or flank pain, and WBC casts in the urine.
See also Urinary Tract Infection, which has many related diagnostic findings, including CVAT and flank pain.
Differential Diagnoses include: Urinary Tract Infection