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Poorly Diagnostic Findings

Proximal Biceps Tendon Tear: Sensitivity and Specificity

Introduction: aka tear of the Long Head of the Biceps (brachii). The tendon of the long head passes along the intratubercular groove of the humerus into the joint capsule at the head of the humerus, and attaches to the scapula at the supraglenoid tubercle.

Physical exam tends to be of limited specificity, as many times Rotator Cuff Tear elicits positive tests.

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Population / CalculatorPrevalence Comments / Study / Link
Arthroscopic Shoulder Surgery patients 5% Am J Sports Med. 2007 Aug;35(8):1334-40. PMID: 17369556
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The sensitivity and specificity of findings for Proximal Biceps Tendon Tear are listed below. See the left navigation bar to change the display.

Poorly Diagnostic Findings

Finding SensitivitySpecificity Comments, Study
Yergason's Test Edit 43%79%

for biceps tendon pathology OR Superior Labral Anterior Posterior Lesion

In this test, the patient's elbow is flexed to 90 degrees with the thumb up. The examiner grasps the wrist, resisting attempts by the patient to actively supinate the arm and flex the elbow. Pain with this maneuver indicates biceps tendonitis.

Study: Arthroscopy. 2004 Mar;20(3):231-6. PMID: 15007311

Speed Test Edit 50%67%

The patient's elbow is flexed 20 to 30 degrees with the forearm in supination and the arm in about 60 degrees of flexion. The examiner resists forward flexion of the arm while palpating the patient's biceps tendon over the anterior aspect of the shoulder.

Study: Am J Sports Med. 2007 Aug;35(8):1334-40. PMID: 17369556

Tenderness to Palpation Edit 53%54%

(of the tendon)

Study: Am J Sports Med. 2007 Aug;35(8):1334-40. PMID: 17369556