Welcome, guest.
Login or Sign up to edit.

Add an entry



Add a finding for this diagnosis

Add prevalence for this diagnosis

Switch to calculator mode to see positive predictive value

Switch to likelihood ratios

Sort findings by Tag

Sort findings by Differential Diagnosis

Jump To

Poorly Diagnostic Findings

Post-Extubation Stridor: Sensitivity and Specificity

Introduction: Laryngeal edema around the ET tube that causes upper airway obstruction when the tube is removed during extubation, thus requiring re-intubation.

Generally it is felt that one should test for an air leak around the ET tube (after deflating the cuff) to indicate that the larynx has not swelled. One can test either by listening with a stethoscope or by looking at the vent monitors.

[Edit Diagnosis] [Merge dx] [Add prevalence]

Tags: Pulmonary Tag this Diagnosis.


Population / CalculatorPrevalence Comments / Study / Link
Intubated patients 4.6% Respir Care. 2005 Dec;50(12):1632-8. PMID 16318644
Intubated patients 1.6% severe enough to require reintubation

Respir Care. 2005 Dec;50(12):1632-8. PMID 16318644

More, Edit...

The sensitivity and specificity of findings for Post-Extubation Stridor are listed below. See the left navigation bar to change the display.

Poorly Diagnostic Findings

Finding SensitivitySpecificity Comments, Study
Cuff Leak Test Edit 50%84%

defined by an absolute leak volume < or = 110 mL

Other studies have given a range of sensitivity from 15-85% and specificity of 72-99%, e.g. PMID 12528025 and PMID 12209275. However, given the relatively low prevalence (5-12% in the studies cited), the positive predictive value would still be poor and the negative predictive value still rather good.

Study: Respir Care. 2005 Dec;50(12):1632-8. PMID 16318644